The Conseil is favourable to reduce ex ante regulation
on retail markets for fixed telephony
The Conseil de la concurrence has just issued an opinion to the ARCEP (French regulator for electronic and postal communications) as part of the assessment procedure of wholesale and retail markets for fixed telephony provided for by Article L. 37-1 of the Code of postal and electronic communications. This procedure holds that, following the opinion of the Conseil de la concurrence, ARCEP determines the product and service markets for electronic communications for which the regulator wishes to impose ex ante particular obligations to operators exerting a significant influence.
This opinion is issued as part of the launching of the second round of market analysis relating to the period 2008-2011 and follows the first round (2005-2008) for which the Conseil had notably issued two opinions relative to wholesale and retail markets for fixed telephony (Opinion 05-A-05 of 16 February 2005 and 05-A-10 of 11 May 2005).
The Conseil is favourable to reduce obligations imposed on France Telecom on retail markets notably in the communication sector
The Conseil has observed that competitive pressure has increased on fixed communication markets as a result of ADSL telephone offers, which confirms the trend observed on the European level and leads to the removal of the obligations imposed in the name of ex ante regulation.
However only 50% of households are equipped with a computer and are likely to be interested in high speed or very high speed internet access offers. The rest of households still depend on a traditional fixed telephony service. On these markets for access (subscription), France Telecom's control over the local copper loop remain decisive and the Conseil is favourable to the preservation of a regulation guaranteeing that other operators are able to offer a fixed subscription (notably the wholesale of subscription).
On wholesale markets the Conseil is favourable to the preservation of regulation on markets for call origination and call termination but considers that the preservation of asymmetrical regulation is no longer justified
The deployment of local loops as an alternative to France Telecom's has continued but as the Conseil considered in an opinion as part of the first round (05-A-10), local loops operators have no incentive to fix their termination call charges at a competitive level and these constitute lasting bottlenecks, which restrict competition. Call termination levels must therefore be subject to ex ante regulation.
On the contrary, the Conseil is favourable to the beginning of a convergence of termination levels, considering that the preservation of asymmetry could enable operators, who benefit from a higher level, to propose retail offers at prices that are potentially impossible to meet by operators with a lower termination call level, without necessarily reflecting a greater efficiency.