Board

The Autorité’s Board has 17 members with an irrevocable term of office. The President and the four Vice-Presidents perform their functions on a full-time basis, whereas the 12 other members are non-permanent.

The members come from the public sector but also the private sector: consequently judges, professors, economic leaders, and representatives of professional and consumer organisations share their points of view during deliberations.

This diversity of profiles fosters rich debate and is a guarantee of its impartiality.

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Permanent members

The President and the four Vice-Presidents perform their functions on a permanent basis.
The President is appointed by decree of the French President on the advice of the competition committees at the French National Assembly and Senate. The Vice-Presidents are appointed by decree of the French President.

Discover their biographies below:

Benoît CœuréCareer summary

  • Economist at INSEE (1992-1995)
  • Assistant to the Head of the Foreign Exchange Market Office at the Treasury Department (1995-1997)
  • Economic advisor to the Director of the Treasury (1997-2002)
  • Head of the Foreign Exchange and Economic Policy Office at the Treasury Department (1999-2001)
  • Deputy Director General of Agence France Trésor (2002-2006)
  • Director General of Agence France Trésor (2006-2008)
  • Head of the Multilateral Affairs and Development Department at the Directorate General Treasury and Economic Policy (2008-2009)
  • Deputy Director General of the Treasury (2009-2011)
  • Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank (2012-2019)
  • Head of the Innovation Hub of the Bank for International Settlements (2020-2021)

Decree of appointment

Social networks

Emmanuel CombeCareer summary

  • Senior lecturer at the Paris XI University 1995-1998
  • Professor at Le Havre University 1998-2001
  • Affiliate Professor at ESCP-EAP 1998-2017
  • Professor at the Paris XII University 2001-2005
  • Professor at the Paris I University 2005- (on secondment since 2012)
  • Member of the External Board of the Conseil de la concurrence (French Competition Council) 2005-2009
  • Member of the External Board of the Autorité de la concurrence 2009-2012
  • Vice-President of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2012
  • Affiliate Professor at Skema Business School since 2017
  • Chairperson of the Société d'Economie Politique (French Political Economy Society) since 2019

Decree of appointment

Social networks

Fabienne Siredey-GarnierCareer summary

  • Writer at the Direction générale des impôts (French Directorate of Taxation) 1987-1992
  • Economic and financial expert at the Direction des Affaires Civiles et du Sceau (Directorate General for Civil Affairs and Justice) 1992-1999
  • Seconded National Expert at the Legal Service of the European Commission, Competition Law Team 2000-2001
  • Substitute Public Prosecutor at the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Evreux (General court of first instance) 2003-2005
  • Judge at the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Bobigny 2005-2007
  • Case officer to the Autorité de la concurrence 2007-2009
  • Vice-President of the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Nanterre 2009-2014
  • Vice-President of the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Paris 2015-2018
  • Vice-President of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2018

Decree of appointment

Irène LucCareer summary 

  • Chairperson of the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Tulle (General court of first instance) 1990-1992
  • Budget Unit at the French Ministry of Justice, General Affairs Directorate 1992-1993
  • Directorate of Criminal Affairs and Pardons at the French Ministry of Justice 1993-1996, Sub-Directorate for Criminal Legislation
  • Rapporteur of the Autorité de la concurrence 1996-2000
  • Member of the Comité consultatif de diffusion cinématographique (French Film Advisory Committee) 2000-2009
  • Counsel for European and bilateral affairs at the Autorité de la concurrence 2001-2002
  • Case officer for legal affairs at the Autorité de la concurrence 2002-2003
  • Deputy General Rapporteur of the Autorité de la concurrence 2004-2008
  • Chief of the Legal Department of the Autorité de la concurrence 2008-2011
  • Film expert of the Centre National de Cinéma (French National Film Centre) 2009-2015
  • Member of the Board of the French Commission for Access to Administrative Documents (Commission d'Accès aux Documents Administratifs) 2009-2019
  • Judge at the Cour d’appel de Paris (Paris Court of Appeal), chamber 5-4 2011-2015
  • Judge at the Cour d’appel de Paris, chamber 5-4 regulation 2015-2016
  • Associate Professor at the University of Versailles-Saint Quentin in Yvelines, since September 2016
  • President of Chamber 5-4 of the Cour d’appel de Paris competition-distribution 2016-2019
  • Vice-President of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Henri PiffautCareer summary

  • Various positions at the Directorate-General for Competition of the European Commission in the fields of anticompetitive practices and merger control 1994-2006
  • Director of the Brussels office of the economic consulting firm LECG 2006-2010
  • Deputy Head of Unit in charge of State aid to transport at the Directorate-General for Competition of the European Commission 2010-2011
  • Head of Unit in charge of anticompetitive practices in the pharmaceutical and health sectors at the Directorate-General for Competition of the European Commission 2011-2014
  • Head of Unit for mergers in the energy, telecoms, digital and media sectors at the Directorate-General for Competition of the European Commission 2014-2016
  • Fellow at the Weatherhead Center for international affairs at Harvard University 2016-2017 with a research project on the regulation of digital platforms
  • Adviser to the Deputy Director General for Mergers at the Directorate General for Competition of the European Commission 2017-2019, responsible in particular for monitoring the expert mission on the digital economy appointed by the Commissioner for Competition
  • Vice-President of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Non-permanent members

Members from the public sector

6 members come from the French Administrative Supreme Court (Conseil d’État), the French Court of Auditors (Cour des comptes) or universities.

Discover their biographies below:

Jérôme PouyetCareer summary

  • Marie Curie post-doctoral fellow at the Center for Operation Research and Econometrics – Catholic University of Louvain 2000-2003
  • Researcher at CREST- Laboratoire d’Economie Industrielle 2003-2005
  • Tenured Associate Professor at the École polytechnique 2005-2008
  • Director of the Economic Analysis and Policy Master's and PhD programme 2009-2013
  • CNRS researcher at the Paris School of Economics and senior lecturer at the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) 2009-2017
  • Deputy Director of the UMR Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques 2014-2017
  • CNRS researcher at the University of Cergy-Pontoise since 2018 and associate professor at ESSEC Business School since 2018
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Career summarybeatrice_bourgeois

  • Case officer to the Litigation Division Conseil d'Etat (French Administrative Supreme Court) 2001- 2004
  • Case officer to the Internal Affairs Division Conseil d'Etat 2004 - 2007
  • Head of the Documentation Centre (now Legal Research and Documentation Centre) 2007-2008
  • Public Rapporteur to the Litigation Division (cases studied include electronic communications, airport charges) 2008-2017
  • Member of the Report and Studies Division 2012-2015
  • Deputy Rapporteur to the Conseil Constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) 2012-2016
  • Public Rapporteur to the French Jurisdiction Court 2016-2017
  • Assessor to the second Chamber of the Litigation Division of the Conseil d'Etat 2017-2020
  • Deputy President of the social section of the Conseil d'Etat since 2020
  • Member of the agrégation jury for the recruitment of university professors in the field of public law 2019-2020

Decree of appointment

Savinien Grignon-DumoulinCareer summary

  • Auditor at the École Nationale de la Magistrature (French National School for the Judiciary) 1985-1986
  • Magistrate at the Tribunal d’instance of Roubaix (District Court) 1986-1988
  • Writer at the Direction des Affaires Civiles et du Sceau (French Ministry of Justice, Directorate General for Civil Affairs and Justice), Nationality Office 1988-1990
  • Head of Unit at the Direction des Affaires Civiles et du Sceau, Nationality Office 1990-1997
  • Rapporteur of the Autorité de la concurrence 1997-2001
  • Legal adviser to the Second Civil Chamber of the Cour de Cassation (French Supreme Court) 2001-2011
  • First Deputy Vice-President of the General court of first instance of Paris 2011-2015
  • Hearing Adviser at the Autorité de la concurrence 2014-2019
  • Advocate General at the Cour de Cassation since 2015
  • Ethics Adviser at the Autorité de la concurrence 2017-2019
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Fabien RaynaudCareer summary

  • Litigation Division of the Conseil d’Etat (French Administrative Supreme Court) 1994-1997
  • Head of the Documentation Centre of the Conseil d'Etat 1997-1999
  • Legal Adviser to the General Secretariat of the French Interministerial Committee for European Economic Cooperation  1999-2002
  • Legal Adviser to the Permanent Representation of France to the European Union 2002-2007
  • Deputy Secretary-General for European Affairs 2007
  • Adviser for European Affairs to the President of the French Republic 2007-2012
  • Assessor of the Litigation Section of the Conseil d'Etat 2012-2016
  • President of the 6th Chamber of the Litigation Section of the Conseil d'Etat 2016-2022
  • Deputy-President and General Rapporteur of the Report and Studies Section since 2022
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2017

Decree of appointment

Catherine PrietoCareer summary

  • Temporary Teaching and Research Assistant, University of Aix-Marseille III 1992-1994
  • Senior lecturer, University of Aix-Marseille III 1994-1995
  • Lecturer at the University of Toulon and Var 1995-1997
  • Lecturer at the Faculté de droit of Aix-en-Provence (University of law) 1997-2007
  • Vice-President of the University of Aix-Marseille 2001-2004
  • Co-director of the Revue trimestrielle de droit européen since 2005
  • Founding member of the European Network of Legal Experts Trans Europe Experts 2007
  • Director of the Competition Section, Trans Europe Experts 2007-2016
  • Lecturer at the Ecole de droit de la Sorbonne (Sorbonne Law school) since 2008
  • Head of the double degree course in French and English law, Paris 1 2009-2011
  • Member of the scientific board of the journal Concurrences since 201
  • Head of the Bachelor's and Master's degree in Law and Economics, Paris 1 2011-2017
  • Co-director Sorbonne - Public and Private Economic Law since 2018
  • Director of the Master's 2 Competition, Distribution, Consumption since 2019
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Christophe StrasselCareer summary

  • Auditor then judge at the Cour des Comptes (Court of Auditors) 1998-2002
  • Financial Adviser at the French Embassy in Germany, Berlin 2002-2004
  • 2002-2007 Legal Adviser to the Permanent Representation of France to the European Union 2004-2005
  • Judge at the 5th Chamber of the Cour des comptes 2005-2012
  • Associate Professor at the Ecole normale supérieure (ENS) 2007-2014
  • Head of Unit, Deputy to the General Delegate for Employment and Professional Training at the Ministry of Labour and Employment 2013-2014
  • Chief of Staff of the Ministers for Higher Education and Research 2014-2017
  • Associate Professor at the University of Lille since 2017
  • Judge at the 6th Chamber of the Cour des comptes since 2017
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Members from the private sector

The other 6 members are economic leaders, lawyers or consumer association representatives.

Discover their biographies below:

Jean-Yves ManoCareer summary

  • Councillor for Paris in the 16th arrondissement (district) of Paris 1995 -2014
  • Senator for Paris 2001-2004
  • Deputy Mayor of Paris, in charge of housing 2001-2014
  • Chairperson of the Office public d'aménagement et de la construction de Paris (Paris Public Office for Development and Construction) 2001-2014
  • President of the Consumer Association CLCV since 2016
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Valérie BrosCareer summary

  • Administrator at the French Ministry of the Economy and Finance, Treasury Department 1996-2000
  • Adviser on Competition and State Aid in Brussels (EUPR) 2000-2002
  • Adviser to the French Minister of Economy and Finance 2002-2004
  • Adviser to the Cabinet of Michel Barnier, Minister of Foreign Affairs 2004-2005
  • Minister-Adviser for economic and financial affairs, Head of the Financial Mission, Permanent Representation of France to the European Union in Brussels 2006-2010
  • Judge at the Cour des Comptes (French court of Auditors) 2010-2014
  • Director of "Concessions and Territories" - Enedis 2014-2017
  • Director to the General Secretariat of the EDF Group 2017-2019
  • Secretary General and General Counsel of the Plastic Omnium Group since 2019
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Alexandre MenaisCareer summary

  • Legal Director France and Europe of the Ebay Group (Paypal, Skype) 2006-2009
  • Legal Director France and Benelux of Accenture 2009-2011
  • Secretary General and Executive Vice President of ATOS since 2011
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Laurence Borrel-PratCareer summary

  • Lawyer at Gide Loyette Nouel 1997-2006
  • Legal Director France of the PUIG Group 2006-2008
  • Founding partner of BORREL Avocats 2008
  • Member of the Board of Directors of the Association des Avocats Pratiquant le Droit de la Concurrence (APDC) 2018
  • Member of the Autorité de la concurrence since 2019

Decree of appointment

Members deliberating on matters relating to the regulated professions

Since the Law of 6 August 2015, two additional members may be called upon to sit when the Autorité deliberates on matters relating to the regulated professions (L 462-4-1 of the French Commercial Code).

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Jean Louis GalletCareer summary

  • Substitute Public Prosecutor at the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Marseille (General court of first instance) 1973-1979
  • First substitute Public Prosecutor at the General court of first instance of Strasbourg 1979-1983
  •  Inspector of judicial services at the French Ministry of Justice 1988
  • Director of Civil Affairs and Justice 2001-2002
  • Judge of the Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court) 2003-2013
  • Vice-President of the French Jurisdiction Court 2011-2013
  • Member 2005-2013, then Vice-President 2011-2013 of the French Jurisdiction Court
  • Senior Judge in extraordinary service 2014-2018

Decree of appointment

  • Decree of 7 October 2019 appointing members of the Board (freedom of establishment of notaries, court bailiffs and judicial auctioneers)
  • Decree of 4 September 2020 appointing members to the Board of the Autorité de la concurrence (freedom of establishment of lawyers at the Conseil d’Etat (French Administrative Supreme Court) and the Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court))

Frédéric MartyCareer summary

  • Researcher at the Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en analyse des organisations (Cirano) in Montreal - current
  • Researcher affiliated with the Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Économiques (French Economic Observatory), in the Innovation and Competition Research Department - current
  • Responsible for research at the Research Group in Law, Economics and Management (GREDEG) of the University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis - current

Decree of appointment

  • Decree of 7 October 2019 appointing members of the Board (freedom of establishment of notaries, court bailiffs and judicial auctioneers)
  • Decree of 4 September 2020 appointing members to the Board of the Autorité de la concurrence (freedom of establishment of lawyers at the Conseil d’Etat (French Administrative Supreme Court) and the Cour de cassation (French Supreme Court)

Terms of office and ethics

Half of the Board is renewed every two and a half years (except for its President). The other six members have a term of office of five years.

To guarantee the Autorité’s impartiality, all members must inform the President of any interests they have or acquire and the functions they perform as part of any economic activity. Similarly, members must submit a declaration of assets and a declaration of interests to the President of the High Authority for Transparency in Public Life (Haute Autorité pour la transparence de la vie publique). Members also undertake to perform their duties independently, impartially and in good conscience, and to comply with the obligations stemming from these duties. No member may deliberate in a case in which he or she has an interest.

Different formations of the Board

The Autorité’s decisions are made collectively, except where the President or a Vice-President appointed by the President can rule alone. This happens in “single judge” hearings (e.g. for merger control decisions or in cases of inadmissibility, rejection or closure of proceedings started ex officio.

Plenary hearings are relatively rare; the majority of cases are reviewed in permanent committee sessions (the President and the four Vice-Presidents) or in divisions.

Board


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