The Autorité de la concurrence is in favor of an a priori regulation of the price for betting rights.

It considers necessary to guarantee equal access to the data necessary to organize betting on horse races.

It issues also recommendations aiming at avoiding any competition distortion between
ex monopolies and new entrants in the sector of online gaming


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The Autorité de la concurrence issues today an opinion concerning the competition concerns which appeared with the opening of the online gambling sector to competition. It started the proceedings both at its own initiative and when responding to the European Gaming and Betting Association’s request (industry association).

In short, before the law of 12 May 2010, the organization of online gaming and gambling was the realm of operators with exclusive rights – the Française des Jeux for lotteries and sports betting, the PMU for horse racing betting and casinos for slot machines and board games. The law has allowed new operators to enter the on-line sectors of sports betting, horse racing and poker as well as the regularization of illegal operators.

If effective competition seems to arise between online sports betting and on-line poker operators, the Autorité notes however that on-line horse racing betting is likely to raise competition issues.

The Autorité advocates for an a priori regulation of price for betting rights

The opinion analyses the agreements between on-line betting operators and entities organizing sports events (such as sport federations) covering the right to organize betting on the sports events and the price of this right.

Most of the great sporting federations (tennis, football, athletics…) have forwarded to the Autorité their draft agreements ; most of them are asking for a betting right equal to 1% of the outlays.

A betting right price that would be too high could weight on the operators’ economic viability thus constituting an entry fee that could block their entry on the market. The Autorité de la concurrence is of the view that this price should be subject to an ex ante regulation, or of a dispute settlement mechanism at the disposal of the industry regulator, ARJEL1 , as this is the case within other economic sectors.

The Autorité recommends t ARJEL to specify, from now on, in a type document the terms and conditions detailing the process when sporting federations consult betting operators in order to ensure the transparency of the betting right’s allocation so as to avoid any discrimination between operators. It advises also ARJEL to release a cost grid so as to guide operators when negotiating the betting right’s price.

Access to horse racing data in transparent and non discriminatory conditions
 
Some alternative operators have complained about the conditions imposed by racing firms to have access to horse racing data (racing listings, departing horses and jockeys, official results…) which are necessary to organize bets. The links between the PMU and the racing firms could be likely to exclude certain competitors from the market.

To prevent this risk, the Autorité recommends public authorities to reinforce the already existing legal provisions to guarantee transparent and non-discriminatory access to such data. Hence, it advocates for the drafting of a reference agreement concerning the access to images and data relative to races. This document should specify the nature of information the racing firms are likely to request from the registered operators, in exchange to the access to the necessary information to organize betting on horse races.

The Autorité recommends also the setting up of a mechanism that would monitor and sanction the non-respect of these provisions, under the aegis of ARJEL.

Giving alternative operators the possibility of being competitive
 
The PMU and the Française des Jeux have a monopoly on the betting offer in counters run from cafés, bars… whereas they are also active in the sector for online gaming and gambling.

The coexistence of both activities may entail risks for competition. PMU and La Française des Jeux are two famous brands and these firms are using this to enhance their competitiveness on the online market. The Autorité points also out a risk for cross subsidization between monopoly and competing activities.

The Autorité recommends the legal and functional separation of monopoly and competing activities, such as it usually does in similar cases.

Finally, it notes a risk of distortion of competition distortion linked to the competitive advantage of the PMU who collects huge amounts of bets both over its counters and through its on-line activity. The volume of bets collected permits to offer to winners of complex bets (Quinté Plus, a multiple forecast) higher winnings than those which may be proposed by alternative operators.

On this aspect, the Autorité recommends a mechanism of carry forward which would permit alternative operators to propose bets likely to compete with the PMU « Quinté plus ». It advises the lawmaker to clarify the current regulations on that point.
 

> Consult the full text of opinion 11-A-02 of 20 January 2011 relative to the online gambling and gaming sector


1 Autorité de régulation des jeux en ligne : the newly created online gaming regulation authority